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World Chinese Language Association
(Chinese Language Educational Development Foundation)

       Around the year of 1971, global politics was unstable and it was difficult for Taiwanese government to engage in diplomacy. Under this circumstance, the Minister of Overseas Compatriot Affairs Commission, Song-Nian Mao, initiated the establishment the privately operated “Chinese    Education Association” to help the government promoting Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSL) in overseas.

        Founded in November 11, 1972, the association was established by many experts in TCSL, including Principal Xi-Wen Zhang, Professor Liang-Dong Zong, Professor Rong He, Professor Chu-Sheng She, Professor Zi Gao, Professor You-Pei Zhao, Professor Zhen-Qiu Peng, Professor Shu-Xian Liu, Principal Yi-Zheng Zhang, Principal Jian-Bin Huang, and Principal Zhang-Xiao Yu. Principal Xi-Wen Zhang was elected to be the Minister of the association, which had been officially registered to the Ministry of Interior. In 1988, the association registered to the Ministry of Education and was renamed as “Chinese Language Educational Development Foundation” while in July, 1997, the association renamed again and known as “World Chinese Language Association (WCLA).”

        The aim of the association is “to promote the researches on Chinese language and the field of TCSL, and to encourage the academic exchange of Chinese language in the world.” Membership: registered members, over 2,000 until now, are experts and teachers of Chinese language in the country, participants of international conferences on TCSL, teachers from overseas, and students who had finished the training program offered by WCLA. The  website of WCLA was served as a platform for members to communicate.

      Former leaders: Xi-Wen Zhang, Song-Nian Mao, Xian Li, Zhi-Lang Ceng, Guang-Shun Ceng, Ming-De Lai and Pei-Ying Bai.

      Incumbent chairman of the Board of Director: Wan-Li Cheng, Board of Supervisor Fu-Tian He and General Secretary Peng-Cheng Dong.

      Incumbent chairman of the foundation: Wan-Li Cheng and CEO Peng-Cheng Dong.

 

The First Domestic and International Chinese Teacher Training Program: Training professional Chinese Language Teachers

        After the announcement of Amendments to the Immigration Act in 1965, large influx of Taiwanese immigrants crowded into America. Since Taiwanese parents expected their own children could not only study in the local mainstream schools but also learn Chinese language and Chinese culture after school or on weekends; therefore, weekend courses were set up to meet the need. In the beginning, parents served as Chinese language teachers in the courses but without professional Chinese teaching or educational training, which produced many problems in teaching. To improve teaching quality, WCLA not only set the column “Q&A in TCSL” in Hua Wen Shi Jie (World of Chinese Language), but also established Chinese teacher training program in 1977 to educate overseas students to become Chinese language teachers. Until December, 2010, the first Chinese teacher training program had been set up, which was held for 205secessions and had cultivated more than 8,000 members. Some of members who finished the program would go further studies in overseas or serve as teachers in overseas compatriot schools. Some of the members would devote to establish more Chinese teacher training programs or Chinese schools.

 

 

The First publishing of Chinese Teaching Megzine and Journal: Providing an Interaction Platform of Chinese Teaching and Learning

1.The first Chinese Teaching magazine: Hua Wen Shi Jie (World of Chinese Language)

    To promote the develpoment of overseas Chinese schools, Hua Wen Shi Jie (World of Chinese Language) was launched in 1974, providing an arena for Chinese teachers and students to discuss issues like Chinese language teaching and learning, Chinese language teaching methods and materials, development of Chinese language teaching education and problems on Chinese language teaching. Over a thirty-year period, the journals published over 2,000 articles by more than 1,000 authors, which becoming an important resource for the government to establish the Chinese language data base.

    Essays in Hua Wen Shi Jie (World of Chinese Language) were often cited by teachers at overseas Chinese schools, by scholars who were composing theses, or by Overseas Compatriot Affairs Commission who needed to launch newsletters.

    The journal has been included in the Taiwan Humanities Citation Index Core (THCI) and National Central Library Periodical Information Center.

 

2. The first Chinese Teaching research journal:  Journal of Chinese Language Teaching (JCLT))

    With the development of Chinese language teaching, how to improve the quality of Chinese language teaching becomes the core issue. Established in 2004 by WCLA, the Journal of Chinese Language Teaching (JCLT) was a professional, refereed, biannual journal discussing about articles, book reviews, guided readings, teaching theories, and teaching methods related to Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (including dialects). Using a double-blind peer review process, each manuscript, according to the topic, was evaluated by scholars and experts appointed by the Editorial Committee. JCLT had created a fundamental academic base for Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSL) in Taiwan, and gained the attention of international academia.

     In the end of 2010, to apply as international scholarly journal, JCLT was published three times a year.

     In 2008, according to the report of National Science Council Research Projects “2008 Rantings of Linguistics and Language Teaching Journals,” JCLT received the highest rank. In 2008 and 2009, JCLT was included in the Taiwan Humanities Citation Index Core (THCI). 

                                                                                                     
The First International Conference on Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSL)

       To provide an arena for scholars in Chinese language teaching to discuss the new teaching theories and methods, in 1984, WCLA held its first International Conference on TCSL which has repeatedly received accolades from far and wide in academia. Since then, research on TCSL became the trend among the world. Countries including China, America, German, Singapore and Hong Kong held the similar conferences in succession.

The conference was held triennially. The ninth International Conference on TCSL was held in December 25 to 28, 2009, in Taipei, with the topic “International Chinese Language Teaching.” 328 scholars from 168 universities in 16 countries submitted 278 theses while 82 theses were accepted to present on the conference.

For the expectation of the incumbent President Ma, the 10th International Conference on TCSL, with the topic “Change and Innovation in TCSL in the 21th Century,” will be held in December 25 to 29, 2011, in Taipei in advanced. WCLA welcome all Chinese educators to this lively event. For more detailed information, please visit the following web address: www.wcla.org.tw

 
Edition of A Quarter Century of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language: Retrospect and Prospect

Since the first international conference on TCSL in 1984, WCLA has published thousands of theses in eight times of conferences in nearly a quarter century. To review the presented theses and share the research results, the symposium “A Quarter Century of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language: Retrospect and Prospect” was published in classification, and edited by scholars from different generations in the field of TCSL. (Including: Chinese grammar, phonetics of mandarin Chinese, Chinese lexicology and lexicography, Chinese culture, contrast media, Chinese teacher education, second language acquisition and TCSL.) This symposium was viewed as the valuable introductory study of Chinese language and TCSL.

 
The First Selected Visiting Group to American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), France and Germany for Academic Exchanges of Chinese Language

Authorized by Ministry of Education, from 1985 to 1999, WCLA formed a visiting group of selectedChinese teaching scholars in universities to join the Chinese academic conference of American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL). After presenting dissertation and holding book exhibitions in each conference, the visiting group took the opportunity tovisit the Chinese teachers in America and Canada, and held discussion meetings to exchange teaching experience. All the efforts had repeatedly received accolades from far and wide in overseas academia.

To strengthen the academic exchanges among France and Germany, the visiting group visited universities which contained Chinese departments, academic organizations and Chinese schools in France and Germany. The following were the visited institutions in France: Association Française des Professeurs de Chinois, the University of Paris VII, Centre de Recherches Linguistiques sur l'Asie Orientale, EHESS, and Chinese schools in France. The following were the visited institutions in Germany: Sinologie an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Department of Sinology, University of Tuebingen and Institut für Sinologie, Heidelberg University. 

 

The First Conferences on TCSL in Overseas

At early stage, most of overseas Chinese teachers worked in part-time and were not trained formally, which led to many teaching problems. To improve teaching quality, WCLA held the first seminar on TCSL in overseas and invited scholars to deliver speeches and discuss the relative issues. From 1989 to 1999, with overseas offices, Conferences on TCSL in Overseas had been held in local Chinese schools in L.A., San Francisco, Philadelphia, Montville, Chicago, Toronto and Vancouver. The conference was well received by overseas teachers. Not until the financial problem did the conference stop holding.    

 
The First Conferences on TCSL in Taiwan

To help the educators and to discuss the novel knowledge of TCSL, WCLA held the first domestic conference in 1980. Chairmen of Chinese language centers, teachers and scholars were invited. The conference, held for four years in succession, was stopped holding in 2003, when Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) was in office. Since then, the Association of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (ATCSL), established in 2002, accepted the subsidies by DPP to keep holding the conferences.   

 
Edition of Chinese language and folk teaching materials

To meet the need of TCSL, WCLA edited different levels of teaching materials and supplementary readings. In addition, with the authorization of National Institute for Compilation and Translation, WCLA edited a series reading about Chinese culture, including Chinese folk festivals, Chinese calligraphy and Chinese poetry of the Tang Dynasty. Teaching materials of Taiwanese local cultures: Culture of Taiwan, Culture of Taiwanese, Culture of Hakka and Culture of Taiwanese aborigines. Chinese Language reading materials: including basic, intermediate and advanced levels, which served as appropriate materials for Chinese language teaching.

 
The first Test of Proficiency-Huayu
1. Test of Proficiency-Huayu for Foreigners

Subsidized by National Science Council in 1994, the Test of Proficiency-Huayu for Foreigners had been designed for four years by Professor Hua-Wei Ke and experts in Chinese teaching, linguistics, psychology and psychological testing. Around 3017 foreign students from language centers, junior and senior school in Taiwan have accepted the test. The result showed the qualified reliability and validity of the exam, which can be used to test students’ Chinese language ability.

1998, cooperating with the University of Hong Kong, WCLA held “Seminar on designing the Test of Proficiency-Huayu” in Taipei, Kaohsiung, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Beijing and invited more than 20 experts, who gave highly complementary to the test.
 
2. Test of Proficiency-Huayu for Overseas Students

Since the diversities of overseas students’ Chinese ability had become a teaching problem, the Test of Proficiency-Huayu for Overseas Students, designed for four years, was set to assess overseas students’ Chinese language ability and used as educational placement standard. Around 21,186 students from elementary, junior and senior overseas compatriot schools in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Vietnam have accepted the test. The result manifested the qualified reliability and validity of the exam.

 
Arrange Chinese Culture Lessons for Overseas students

To introduce Chinese culture to students studying abroad, since 1977 to 1999, WCLA cooperated with Overseas Compatriot Affairs Commission and China Youth Corps to arrange Chinese culture lessons for overseas students returning to Taiwan. Courses like TCSL, Chinese calligraphy, Chinese painting, Chinese knot, Chinese paper-cutting and Dough-Figurines were provided for students to experience profound Chinese culture. More than two thousand students had joined the program, which was held ten more sessions per year. Not until DPP in office was the program stop holding.

 
Establish Graduate Institute of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language, NTNU

In 1992, WCLA visited universities in China which emphasized on TCSL. Though the development of Chinese teaching in China was ten years later than Taiwan, under the support of the government, China set up “Teaching Chinese as a Second Language” as professional courses and formally awarded the degree. Compared with China, except for the “Chinese Teacher Training Program” in WCLA, Taiwan had no Chinese teaching-related departments in universities and teachers in language centers of universities were not trained formally. After the visit from China, the vice chairmen, Xian Li, and other professors visited to National Taiwan Normal University and met with Principal Shang-Yong Liang, Dean of Arts Yu-Hui Shi and Dean of Chinese Department Xie-You Qiu to establish the first graduate institute of TCSL in Taiwan.

 
Establish Department of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language, CYCU: The First Department of TCSL

Since 2000, learning Chinese became a popular trend while more and more foreigners came to Taiwan to learn Chinese. However, at that time, there were no formal departments in universities except the Chinese Teacher Training Program provided by WCLA. Recommended by Professor Zhuo-Min Chen , WCLA suggested Principal Guang-Zhong Zhang of Chung Yuan University and was supported by Board ChairmanPei-Ying Bai , Principal Shen-Gan Xiong and Dean of Zhi-Ping Lin  to establish the first Department of Applied Chinese Language and Literature in Taiwan. Now, Chung Yuan University has established Graduate Institute of TCSL and has increased student enrollment in 2010. 

 
Appeal the government to Hold the Conference on Teaching Chinese as a Second Language and to Establish TSCL Policy Committee

In June, 2001, WCLA appealed to the government to emphasize on the field of TCSL. Accepting the suggestion, Ministry of Education (MOE) held the meeting “MOE Proposal for Promoting Educational Development Regarding the Teaching Chinese as a Second Language” in January, 2002, and established “Chinese Language Education Policy Committee.” Executive Yuen established “Teaching Chinese as a Second Language Policy Committee” in December 11, 2003, and MOE announced that universities should provide with Department of TCSL and Chinese Language centers; therefore, 16 Departments of TCSL, 32 Chinese Language Centers and 24 Chinese Teacher Training Programs were set in a few years.

After providing advices which were highly emphasized in “the Conference on Training Human Resource in Service Industry,” WCLA was invited to “the Conference on Strategic Planning Human Resource in Service Industry,” and provided the feasible plan to promote TSCL. The advice was adopted in “Flagship Plan: Internationalization of the Educational Industry Plan” and promulgated by MOE.
In December 17, 2006, Executive Yuen set up “Promotion of TCSL and Traditional Chinese Group of Executive Yuan” and the original organization “Teaching Chinese as a Second Language Policy Committee” was disbanded.
In January 13, 2011, the meeting on “how to promote TCSL” was held by President Ma and was attended by Premier and Vice Premier, Secretary General, Administrative Committee, and Minister of Education, Chairman of Overseas Compatriot Affairs Commission, Minister of Foreign Affair, Minister of Council for Cultural Affairs, Minister of National Science Council and Minister of Council for Hakka Affairs. Chairman and Secretary General of WCLA
 
Hold Graduate-Student Forum on Teaching Chinese in the Worldto Establish a Communication Platform for International Chinese Language Teaching MA and PHD students.
 
    Started in 2007, the Graduate-Student Forum on Teaching Chinese in the World established an academic communication platform for MA and PHD students in the realm of Chinese Language Teaching.
 
1.      The 1st World Chinese Language Teaching Graduate Students Forum: held on 16 Jan. to 19 Jan. in 2008 in Guangzhou Jinan University. 100 more people participated, including scholars and graduate students from China, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan. They released and discussed about more than 40 outstanding graduate students’ theses in the forum. Famous scholars were invited to address speeches and took part in cultural activities.
2.      The 2nd World Chinese Language Teaching Graduate Students Forum: held on 2 Oct. to 5 Oct.in 2008 in Kaohsiung Normal University. 100 more participants came from different 10 universities in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, United States and other countries had joined the forum. Totally 60 something theses were published. Several experts were invited to address speeches and took a cultural trip in Taiwan.
3.      The 3rd World Chinese Language Teaching Graduate Students Forum: held on 28 and 29 Nov. in 2009 in Shanghai city. Over 100 participants coming from 25 different universities in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and Malaysia had released 70 theses. Professors and scholars were invited to address speeches, and had a cultural trip after the forum.
4.      The 4th World Chinese Language Teaching Graduate Students Forum: held on 12 Jan. to 14 Jan. in 2011 in Taoyuan Chung Yuan Christian University. 66 MA and PHD students coming from 32 universities in Taiwan, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, and United States had took part in the forum. Professors and scholars were invited to address speeches, and travelled around Taiwan after the forum.
 
Edit Taiwan Teaching Chinese as a Second Language Series
    Due to the international rage for Chinese, studying Chinese has become more and more popular. Before the reform and opening-up in China, Taiwan were once 20 or 30 years ahead the world market of teaching Chinese as a second language. However, after reforming and opening up, China tried hard to popularize Chinese teaching. The amount of books and textbooks related to Chinese teaching and learning they edited and published were amazing. Unfortunately, Taiwan did not have any complete series related to Chinese Teaching with both quality and quantity. Therefore, WCLA combined outstanding Taiwanese Chinese teaching experts to edit the " Teaching Chinese as a Second Language Series ". The book lists are as follow: "  The Construction of Chinese language teaching Materials classification and principles " .This series of books has created a fundamental academic base for Teaching Chinese as a Second Language in Taiwan. 
 
WCLA was Commissioned by the Ministry of Education to Hold “Overseas Compatriot Educational Academic Seminar” and Overseas Chinese Schools Circuit Teaching.
 
1.      1998-2003 WCLA accepted the commission from Ministry of Education Overseas Compatriot Educational Committee to hold “Overseas Compatriot Educational Academic Seminar” annually. Every year, Domestic and international overseas compatriot educational workers and TCSL teachers were invited to the seminar to provide constructive reports on theses, and this really contributed a lot on overseas compatriot education.
2.      Overseas compatriot education needs to be connected with Taiwan’s educational system. In order to decrease the possible difficulties that overseas Chinese schools’ students might encounter when they come back to Taiwan, Overseas Compatriot Educational Committee has commissioned several Taiwanese teachers with good reputation and teaching experience to go to overseas Chinese schools in Southeast Asia for circuit teachings. The circuit teaching program was successful and highly complimented. 
 
Timeline: Annual Important Works and Events.
 
v       1972 Overseas Compatriot Educational Committee commissioned WCLA to edit 40 volumes for Philippine’s junior high schools and elementary schools.
v       1977-2000 Overseas Compatriot Educational Committee commissioned WCLA to hold TCSL research and study classes for overseas youngsters of Chinese origin.
v       1978 Philippine Chiang Kai Shek College commissioned WCLA to hold research and study Chinese classes in Taiwan for Philippine students.
v       1980 Ministry of Economic Affairs Economic Cooperation and Development Fund commissioned WCLA to hold research and study classes in Taiwan for Vietnam TCSL teachers.
v       1990-1992 Ecole Polytechnique commissioned WCLA to hold research and study classes in Taiwan for students from France.
v       1997 The Hong Kong Putonghua Education and Assessment Centre of University of Hong Kong and WCLA held “Chinese Proficiency Tests Design Conference” together.
v       1998-2003 Ministry of Education commissioned WCLA to select scholars went to Overseas Chinese schools to join in teaching demonstration activities. 
v       2002 Taiwan ICDF (The International Cooperation and Development Fund) commissioned WCLA to train TCSL teachers.
v       2003 Academia Sinica Taiwan International Graduate Program Office commissioned WCLA to hold Chinese courses for international graduate students.
v       2005 & 2006 assisted Taiwan City Government with holding “International Conference on Chinese Characters and Globalization.”
v       Jun. 2006 WCLA held “TCSL Teacher Growing and Studying Camp” with Graduate Institute of Teaching Chinese as a Second/Foreign Language National Kaohsiung Normal University.
v       Jun. 2007 WCLA held “Cross-Domain Pursue: International Conference on World Chinese Literature and Chinese Language Education” with Shih Chien University. Chinese literature and Chinese language education workers from ten more countries and regions took part in the conference, and successfully connected the two realms - Chinese literature and Chinese language education - together.
v       Mar. 2008 WCLA hold “2008 Asia-Pacific International Conference on Chinese as a Second Language Teaching and Development” together with Chung Yuan University Department of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language. Participants included Chinese language scholars from more than ten different countries.
v       Nov. 2008 Overseas Chinese Association commissioned WCLA to hold “International Conference on The use of Chinese characters and Chinese Language Teaching.” Two hundred something participants from more than ten different countries had took part in, and the practical meaning and culture value of Chinese characters were highlighted in the conference.
v       2009-2010 Confucius-Mencius Society of The Republic of China commissioned WCLA to hold 2009 and 2010 “Summer Discovery Tour Camp on Intellectual Life Education.”
v       2010 Culture Department of Taipei Mission In Korea ordered 100 sets Teaching Chinese as a Second Language Series from WCLA as a gift for Korea Universities. High quality Taiwanese TCSL and research books were introduced to Korea Republic University.
v       May. 2010 WCLA was invited to publishing forum of .
v       Jun. 2010 Confucius-Mencius Society of The Republic of China commissioned WCLA to hold “2010 Cross-Strait Seminar on Confucianism.” The aims of the seminar are as follow: first, to enhance the cross-strait discussion on Confucianism; second, to promote the Chinese culture; third, enhance cross-strait academic exchanges.
 
Promote Cross-strait Academic Exchanges on Chinese Language Literature
 
v         September 7, 2007 Signed Chinese Language Education Cooperation Agreement with Guangzhou Jinan University. The contents of the agreement include: (1) Cultivate “Overseas Chinese Language Teaching and Education "and "Chinese International Education" graduate students. (2) Carry out cross-strait Teachers and students exchanges. (3) Hold conferences on Chinese language teaching. (4) Hold “Graduate-Student Forum on Teaching Chinese in the World.”
v         September 11, 2007 Signed Memorandum of Cooperation with Beijing Chinese Language and Culture College. The contents of the memorandum include: promote overseas Chinese language education together, cooperate in organizing and holding conferences on Chinese language teaching, cooperate in cultivating talented people on overseas Chinese language education.
v         With the global trend of Chinese language learning, the enthusiasm of all walks of life to learn Mandarin continues to grow. According to overseas students, China Mandarin certificate is needed when looking for a job in some overseas areas, and they requested assistance to obtain the certificate. Upholding the purpose of service, WCLA cooperated with the National Working Committee on Languages and Writing Systemsto hold Putonghua courses, and helps people to obtain the certificate.
v         August 31 to September 10, “2008 Taiwan Chinese Language and Culture Field Visiting Mission to China for Academic Exchanges” visited Hanban (Confucius institute Headquarters), Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council, National Working Committee on Languages and Writing Systems, and 11 prestigious universities in Xiamen,Guangzhou,Shanghai, and Beijing. The visiting mission was a combination of 16 Taiwan universities, and the members include: President, dean, department head, professors, and 25 Chinese teachers. The visiting mission has promoted the mutual understanding and mutual exchanges on Chinese language education.
v         October 20 to 22, 2009 Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council held the First World Conference on Chinese Education in Chengdu. More than 400 Chinese language teaching workers coming from 35 countries and regions took part in the conference. The Secretary-General of WCLA, Peng-Cheng Dong, was invited to give a speech at the opening ceremony. The secretary-general Peng-Cheng Dong called for cross-strait cooperation to establish a communication platform for Chinese Language Teaching, and received an enthusiastic response which led to the opportunity for cross-strait cooperation.
v         November 1 to 10, 2009 WCLA invited China’s overseas compatriot education director to Taiwan to participate in “Overseas Chinese Education Forum.” The theme of the forum was: cross-strait cooperation on creating new vision of Chinese education. The participants included: the Vice President of China Overseas Exchanges Association Yang Zhao,Vice President of Guangzhou Jinan University Yi-Min Gu, Dean of the College of Liberal Arts of Guangzhou Jinan University Xi Guo, President of Huaqiao University Jin Qiu, Dean of the College of Liberal Arts of Huaqiao University Xuan-Po Chen, Dean of Overseas Education College of Xiamen University Tong-Tao Zheng, Dean of Beijing Chinese Language and Culture College Jun Peng, Deputy Secretary General of Chinese Language and Culture Education Foundation of China Min Li, and ProjectDirector of Chinese Language and Culture Education Foundation of China Li-Guo Qiu. The forum expanded the cross-strait co-operation opportunities for overseas Chinese teaching.
v         April 2010 WCLA and Guangzhou Jinan University jointly held with the second
“Cross-Strait Forum on Chinese Education.” The theme of the forum was a global perspective of overseas Chinese language education. The discussion items include: overseas Chinese teacher training, current situation and countermeasures of Chinese teaching materials, teaching of Chinese language, as well as the means and ways of cross-strait cooperation in Chinese language education. The forum was hold In Guangzhou, Beijing, Xian and Shanghai. The participants included China’s Overseas Compatriot Education Director, Yang Zhao, the Supervisor of Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council, Presidents, Deans, and professors from seven universities; totally more than 100 participants. The consensus, to cooperate on overseas Chinese teaching, was reached in the forum.

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